The Unexpected Messiah
The Ideal Israelite

"We have found him"

...continued from The Unexpected Messiah

"Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law and the prophets wrote, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph."

Jesus was further described by the disciples as:

  • the Messiah
  • the Son of God
  • the King of Israel

All these descriptions are contained in John 1:40-50 and demonstrate plainly that the disciples believed that Jesus was the Son of God, while still acknowledging his human parentage.

As already stated in previous posts, the hope of Israel was the establishment on earth of the Kingdom of God under the kingship of an 'anointed one' - a Messiah - at his ONE AND ONLY appearance. There was no expectation of TWO comings, just as there was no expectation that the 'anointed' one would be crucified-resurrected.

A selection of criteria the messiah was expected to satisfy on his appearance were:

  1. he would be an Israelite of the tribe of Judah;
  2. he would be descended from King David of the tribe of Judah and entitled by birth to sit on David’s earthly throne;
  3. he would usher in the Kingdom of God on earth;
  4. he would be a deliverer like the prophet Moses who would save the Israelites from their enemies;
  5. he would restore and gather into one the scattered tribes of Israel;
  6. he would cause Israel to have dominion over non-Israelite nations;
  7. he would cleanse the world by fire.

The final act of the Divine Comedy is about to begin.

to be continued...

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